Should Artificial Intelligence Be Feared Or Welcomed?
My name is Yasmin Amer and I’m a producer for WBUR in Boston. I’m working on a segment about machine learning and medicine and of course, radiology is part of that discussion. I spoke to a local doctor and machine learning specialist who says artificial intelligence is going to make the field more exciting. Is this the attitude you’re seeing from a lot of med students and/or residents interested in radiology? Are they mostly excited about tech in radiology or is there any nervousness there? I’m happy I came across this blog – I would love your input on this.
Answer To The Artificial Intelligence Question:
Speaking to my residents about the topic, several of them fear the onset of artificial intelligence and its effect upon radiology. For that reason, some residents have decided to go into “hands-on” fields like interventional radiology and breast imaging.
However, most others have responded they don’t really see how a machine can synthesize the context of a case, the images, and all the patient-related factors to arrive at a final impression that tailors itself directly to a patient. Let me give you an example in the next paragraph.
At times on breast ultrasound, two similar ultrasound findings can lead to entirely different management scenarios. In a noncompliant patient with multiple slightly complex cysts, an MRI may be the most appropriate instead of serial followup ultrasounds. On the other hand, in a low-risk patient with the same cysts, the most appropriate conclusion may be to follow them every 6 months. These are slightly different patients with the same images. How would the artificial intelligence judge who is noncompliant? So, it takes a bit more than just pattern recognition to process the information and arrive at a viable conclusion for an individual patient. I don’t think we are quite there yet.
Then, legal barriers prevent easy entry into the independent practice of radiology. Are large companies going to take responsibility if the machines make mistakes? Billions of dollars of losses are potentially at stake.
It is also interesting that applications to the radiology field have dramatically increased over the past few years. Improvement of the job market right now likely contributes to the increasing desirability of radiology. But, that cannot be all. If applicants thought artificial intelligence was going to rob residents of their future 25-30 year radiology careers, we would not receive so many applications for radiological residency programs.
Long story short. Some fears of the unknown consequences of artificial intelligence exist. Overwhelmingly, however, I believe most resident fears of artificial intelligence encroaching upon the radiologist’s work are less than the expected barriers to independent widespread implementation without supervision by a radiologist.
Hope that helps,
Barry Julius, MD